# pylops.Block¶

pylops.Block(ops, dtype=None)[source]

Block operator.

Create a block operator from N lists of M linear operators each.

Parameters: ops : list List of lists of operators to be combined in block fashion dtype : str, optional Type of elements in input array.

Notes

In mathematics, a block or a partitioned matrix is a matrix that is interpreted as being broken into sections called blocks or submatrices. Similarly a block operator is composed of N sets of M linear operators each such that its application in forward mode leads to

$\begin{split}\begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{L_{1,1}} & \mathbf{L_{1,2}} & ... & \mathbf{L_{1,M}} \\ \mathbf{L_{2,1}} & \mathbf{L_{2,2}} & ... & \mathbf{L_{2,M}} \\ ... & ... & ... & ... \\ \mathbf{L_{N,1}} & \mathbf{L_{N,2}} & ... & \mathbf{L_{N,M}} \\ \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{x}_{1} \\ \mathbf{x}_{2} \\ ... \\ \mathbf{x}_{M} \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{L_{1,1}} \mathbf{x}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{1,2}} \mathbf{x}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{1,M}} \mathbf{x}_{M} \\ \mathbf{L_{2,1}} \mathbf{x}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{2,2}} \mathbf{x}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{2,M}} \mathbf{x}_{M} \\ ... \\ \mathbf{L_{N,1}} \mathbf{x}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{N,2}} \mathbf{x}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{N,M}} \mathbf{x}_{M} \\ \end{bmatrix}\end{split}$

$\begin{split}\begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{L_{1,1}}^H & \mathbf{L_{2,1}}^H & ... & \mathbf{L_{N,1}}^H \\ \mathbf{L_{1,2}}^H & \mathbf{L_{2,2}}^H & ... & \mathbf{L_{N,2}}^H \\ ... & ... & ... & ... \\ \mathbf{L_{1,M}}^H & \mathbf{L_{2,M}}^H & ... & \mathbf{L_{N,M}}^H \\ \end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{y}_{1} \\ \mathbf{y}_{2} \\ ... \\ \mathbf{y}_{N} \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{L_{1,1}}^H \mathbf{y}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{2,1}}^H \mathbf{y}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{N,1}}^H \mathbf{y}_{N} \\ \mathbf{L_{1,2}}^H \mathbf{y}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{2,2}}^H \mathbf{y}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{N,2}}^H \mathbf{y}_{N} \\ ... \\ \mathbf{L_{1,M}}^H \mathbf{y}_{1} + \mathbf{L_{2,M}}^H \mathbf{y}_{2} + \mathbf{L_{N,M}}^H \mathbf{y}_{N} \\ \end{bmatrix}\end{split}$
Attributes: shape : tuple Operator shape explicit : bool Operator contains a matrix that can be solved explicitly (True) or not (False)