Roll¶

This example shows how to use the pylops.Roll operator.

This operator simply shifts elements of multi-dimensional array along a specified direction a chosen number of samples.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

import pylops

plt.close("all")


Let’s start with a 1d example. We make a signal, shift it by two samples and then shift it back using its adjoint. We can immediately see how the adjoint of this operator is equivalent to its inverse.

nx = 10
x = np.arange(nx)

Rop = pylops.Roll(nx, shift=2)

y = Rop * x
xadj = Rop.H * y

plt.figure()
plt.plot(x, "k", lw=2, label="x")
plt.plot(y, "b", lw=2, label="y")
plt.plot(xadj, "--r", lw=2, label="xadj")
plt.title("1D Roll")
plt.legend()


Out:

<matplotlib.legend.Legend object at 0x7f77083ddb70>


We can now do the same with a 2d array.

ny, nx = 10, 5
x = np.arange(ny * nx).reshape(ny, nx)

Rop = pylops.Roll(ny * nx, dims=(ny, nx), dir=1, shift=-2)

y = Rop * x.ravel()
xadj = Rop.H * y

y = y.reshape(ny, nx)
xadj = xadj.reshape(ny, nx)

fig, axs = plt.subplots(1, 3, figsize=(10, 2))
fig.suptitle("Roll for 2d data", fontsize=14, fontweight="bold", y=1.15)
axs[0].imshow(x, cmap="rainbow", vmin=0, vmax=50)
axs[0].set_title(r"$x$")
axs[0].axis("tight")
axs[1].imshow(y, cmap="rainbow", vmin=0, vmax=50)
axs[1].set_title(r"$y = R x$")
axs[1].axis("tight")
axs[2].imshow(xadj, cmap="rainbow", vmin=0, vmax=50)
axs[2].set_title(r"$x_{adj} = R^H y$")
axs[2].axis("tight")


Out:

(-0.5, 4.5, 9.5, -0.5)


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.315 seconds)

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