class pylops.signalprocessing.Bilinear(iava, dims, dtype='float64')[source]

Bilinear interpolation operator.

Apply bilinear interpolation onto fractionary positions iava along the first two axes of a n-dimensional array.


The vector iava should contain unique pais. If the same pair is repeated twice an error will be raised.

iava : list or numpy.ndarray

Array of size \([2 \times n_{ava}]\) containing pairs of floating indices of locations of available samples for interpolation.

dims : list

Number of samples for each dimension

dtype : str, optional

Type of elements in input array.


If the vector iava contains repeated values.


Bilinear interpolation of a subset of \(N\) values at locations iava from an input n-dimensional vector \(\mathbf{x}\) of size \([m_1 \times m_2 \times ... \times m_{ndim}]\) can be expressed as:

\[y_{\mathbf{i}} = (1-w^0_{i}) (1-w^1_{i}) x_{l^{l,0}_i, l^{l,1}_i} + w^0_{i} (1-w^1_{i}) x_{l^{r,0}_i, l^{l,1}_i} + (1-w^0_{i}) w^1_{i} x_{l^{l,0}_i, l^{r,1}_i} + w^0_{i} w^1_{i} x_{l^{r,0}_i, l^{r,1}_i} \quad \forall i=1,2,...,M\]

where \(\mathbf{l^{l,0}}=[\lfloor l_1^0 \rfloor, \lfloor l_2^0 \rfloor, ..., \lfloor l_N^0 \rfloor]\), \(\mathbf{l^{l,1}}=[\lfloor l_1^1 \rfloor, \lfloor l_2^1 \rfloor, ..., \lfloor l_N^1 \rfloor]\), \(\mathbf{l^{r,0}}=[\lfloor l_1^0 \rfloor + 1, \lfloor l_2^0 \rfloor + 1, ..., \lfloor l_N^0 \rfloor + 1]\), \(\mathbf{l^{r,1}}=[\lfloor l_1^1 \rfloor + 1, \lfloor l_2^1 \rfloor + 1, ..., \lfloor l_N^1 \rfloor + 1]\), are vectors containing the indices of the original array at which samples are taken, and \(\mathbf{w^j}=[l_1^i - \lfloor l_1^i \rfloor, l_2^i - \lfloor l_2^i \rfloor, ..., l_N^i - \lfloor l_N^i \rfloor]\) (\(\forall j=0,1\)) are the bilinear interpolation weights.

shape : tuple

Operator shape

explicit : bool

Operator contains a matrix that can be solved explicitly (True) or not (False)


__init__(iava, dims[, dtype]) Initialize this LinearOperator.
adjoint() Hermitian adjoint.
apply_columns(cols) Apply subset of columns of operator
cond([uselobpcg]) Condition number of linear operator.
conj() Complex conjugate operator
div(y[, niter]) Solve the linear problem \(\mathbf{y}=\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x}\).
dot(x) Matrix-matrix or matrix-vector multiplication.
eigs([neigs, symmetric, niter, uselobpcg]) Most significant eigenvalues of linear operator.
matmat(X) Matrix-matrix multiplication.
matvec(x) Matrix-vector multiplication.
rmatmat(X) Matrix-matrix multiplication.
rmatvec(x) Adjoint matrix-vector multiplication.
todense([backend]) Return dense matrix.
toimag([forw, adj]) Imag operator
toreal([forw, adj]) Real operator
tosparse() Return sparse matrix.
trace([neval, method, backend]) Trace of linear operator.
transpose() Transpose this linear operator.

Examples using pylops.signalprocessing.Bilinear